Simple low/high voltage cut circuit

Various safety circuit (low/high voltage cut) using IC is already published in Now, here is very simple low/high voltage cut circuit using only two transistors.
simple high low voltage cut

Circuit Description:
The entire circuit is build using only two transistor and very few other component. The two transistors are used to drive relay. Transistor T1 and T2 cut the supply in high and low voltage respectively. Variable resistor VR1 and VR2 is used to adjust the high and low voltage. As we know that when zener diode is connected to emitter of transistor then it get back bias voltage. The variable resistor VR1 and VR2 is so adjusted that it does not connect the transistor T2 and T1 in high and low voltage respectively. The load is connected through relay RL1.
Resistors (all ¼-watt, ± 5% Carbon unless stated otherwise)
R1, R4 = 4.7 KΩ
R2, R3 = 220 Ω
VR1 = 10 KΩ
VR2 = 10 KΩ
T1, T2 = BC148
ZD1, ZD2 = 5.6V
RL1 = 18V/500Ω

3 thoughts on “Simple low/high voltage cut circuit”

  1. can you please tell us how to put all components on bread board for this circuit ??? because my circuit is not working!!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *